A Project Initiation Document (PID) is a vital component of project management, which formally marks the start of a project. It is a document that defines critical path aspects of a project before it begins.

The Typical Phases or Parts of a PID Include

Project Definition

This section outlines the purpose, objectives, and scope of the project. It defines what the project aims to achieve and what it will entail.

Project Approach

Describes the methodology and approach the project team will use to achieve the project’s objectives. This could involve details about the project lifecycle, the frameworks or methodologies being used (like Agile or Waterfall), and the overall strategy.

Business Case

This phase justifies the project in terms of its benefits to the organization. It includes a cost-benefit analysis, expected return on investment (ROI), and an outline of the project’s financial and non-financial benefits.

Project Organization

Details the project team’s structure, roles, and responsibilities. It includes information about the project manager, team members, stakeholders, and their respective responsibilities.

Quality Management

Outlines the standards, processes, and metrics that will be used to ensure the project meets the desired quality levels.

Risk Management

Identifies potential risks and challenges that could impact the project and outlines strategies for mitigating these risks.

Resource Plan

Details the resources (human, financial, technological) required for the project, including how they will be acquired and managed.

Stakeholder Management

Identifies the project’s stakeholders and outlines strategies for managing their expectations and engagement throughout the project.

Communication Plan

Describes the methods and frequency of communication within the project team and with external stakeholders.

Project Schedule

Provides a timeline for the project, including key milestones, deliverables, and deadlines.

Approval Section

This section is for the signatures or approval indicators from key stakeholders or sponsors, signifying their agreement with the project’s approach and their commitment to its objectives.

These phases ensure that a project is well-planned, its objectives are clear, and there’s a structured approach to achieving those objectives.

Project Initiation Document Template
Project Initiation Document Template

Prince2 Project Management Methodology

The methodology of each software has its uniqueness and specification. Some important ones of Prince2 are mentioned below;

  • Always updated: Prince2 software provides help not only in the start or pre-planning phases of the project. The spreadsheets created are used and updated throughout the project.
  • Well-defined roles: The team is clear about the scope of the project and their specifically defined roles per their skills and willingness. There are different sorting groups made according to the task differentiation. So, depending on the type of task, the member falls on that list.
  • Stage-by-stage management: The spreadsheet is constantly evolving as per the need of the project’s progress. There are few things or measures that can’t be defined before the project starts hence management of those particular tasks is done in the different stages of the project.
  • Overcome the exceptions: At times the allocated budget is not good enough and extra investment is required to complete certain tasks. Prince2 helps in the organization of such situations by carefully planning the alternatives that will keep the project running smoothly.
  • Tailored approach: Not all projects are taking place in the same environment. Each has its pros and cons. Prince2 helps out to manage stage-wise progress by checking resources and the project progress.
Prince2 Project Initiation Document
Prince2 Project Initiation Document

 Benefits in Project Planning of Prince2

This software has lessened the burden of the project management team marginally. The notable benefits of project planning with Prince2 are as follows;


Agile Project Initiation Document
Agile Project Initiation Document

As it is updated regularly so a result it saves time and energy for the senior managers to keep the record.

Quite Adaptable

Project IN controlled environment explains well the adaptability of the software. It can be used easily for different projects occurring in different circumstances.

Accountable Team

As the role is defined for each team member they become accountable for their responsibilities. This also benefits the project in a way the team is highly focused and motivated to meet the deadlines.

Well Communicated Team

Communication is the key to success. Every project is a collaborative effort and a well-communicated team can smoothly go through the processes of the project. Progress and hurdles are discussed and way-outs are decided to maintain the progress of the project.

Improves Standard

Prince2 affects the quality of work by breaking the project into stages. This continuously leads the project toward improvement.


With the other benefits, Prince2 also provides consistency by maintaining the resources and deadlines.

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What is the Prince2 Project Initiation Document Template?

The project initiation document set the foundation of the project. The documentation starts in the pre-planning phases. It is a formal document that defines the scope of the project.

Prince2 works well for the staging and organization of tasks. The core purpose of the PID is;

  • Define the direction and the purpose of the project
  • Budget allocation to keep the stakeholders and investors on the same page
  • Look for the possible risks and make an alternate plan of action

The contents of the project initiation document may vary with the nature and the requirements of the project.

There is no well-defined format that can be set as criteria but some common ones are;

  • Project title or definition
  • History of the background of the project
  • Work distribution over the period
  • Define roles
  • Risk management
  • Project summary
  • Scope of the project

Categories of Prince 2 Project Initiation Document

The PRINCE2 (Projects IN Controlled Environments) methodology is widely used for project management and it has a specific structure for the Project Initiation Document (PID). The PID in PRINCE2 is a comprehensive document that is used to define the project in detail and form the basis for its management and the assessment of its overall success. The PID is divided into several categories:

Project Definition: This includes the project’s objectives, scope, benefits, and constraints. It also defines the project’s structure and its alignment with the organization’s objectives.


Business Case: This section outlines the reasons for undertaking the project, including cost, risk, and benefit analysis. It is essential for justifying the investment and is used for decision-making throughout the project lifecycle.

Project Organization: Describes the roles and responsibilities within the project team. This includes the project board, project manager, team managers, and any other key personnel involved in the project.

Quality Management: Defines the quality expectations, standards, and methods for quality control and assurance. This ensures that the project outputs meet the required standards and are fit for purpose.

Plans: This includes plans for the various stages of the project, detailing how and when the project’s objectives are to be achieved. It often involves a detailed project plan, stage plans, and exception plans.

Risk Management: Identifies potential risks to the project and outlines strategies for mitigating these risks. It includes a risk register and a description of the risk management procedure.

Change Management: Outlines the approach for managing changes during the project. This includes a change control process and a record of all changes made.

Communication Management: Details the communication strategy of the project, including stakeholders’ identification, information needs, and the means of communication.

Project Controls: Describes the mechanisms that will be used to monitor and control the project. This includes reporting schedules, performance measurement techniques, and issue resolution procedures.

Tailoring of PRINCE2: PRINCE2 is known for its flexibility and adaptability. This section explains how the methodology has been tailored to suit the specific needs and context of the project.

These categories provide a structured approach to planning and executing a project, ensuring clarity and alignment with organizational goals, while also managing risks and ensuring quality outcomes.

 Prince2 Business Case Template

A business case is a part of a project initiation document and has its importance. It is constantly updated and ensures that the project is running on the desired track.

There is no specific criterion for writing the business case but each organization has tailored it according to the requirement using the Prince2 software. The business case particularly highlights a few things mentioned below;

  1. Why is there a need for this specific business plan?
  2. Define the estimated cost required to achieve the project.
  3. What are the potential benefits of the business idea?
  4. How long will it take to execute a business plan?
  5. What will be the expected risks or hurdles that can affect the progress of the plan?
  6. Possible outcomes of the project
  7. Check your competitors and learn from their working strategies.

Prince2 Project Brief Template

Contents of the project brief in Prince2 vary according to the needs of the business plan but constant ones are;

  1. Project definition
  2. Background of the project
  3. Approvals of the business deals
  4. Road map the business case
  5. Product Description
  6. Set the approach of the project
  7. Define roles
  8. Find the perfect team combination

It is a complete overview of the project which gives information about the working capacity of the business idea. It is also a part of the project initiation document that is built keenly in the initial phase of the project.

The PID template consists of several key sections that offer a holistic view of the project. These sections typically include the project’s background, business case, objectives, and deliverables, enabling stakeholders to understand the purpose and value of the undertaking.

Additionally, it defines roles and responsibilities, specifying who will be involved in the project and what their contributions will be.


  1. Carl Musson


    I’m interested in the Prince2 Project Initiation Document (PID) Template.
    Is it part of a package of templates ?. What would I need to buy, how much ?
    What format is it in Word, Excel, etc ?
    Are the Templates modifiable ?


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